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Piping Designer - Resources for piping, engineering and design
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Pipe is a hollow tube that can carry products such as fluid, gas, granular and more. Pipe is identified by nominal pipe size (NPS) and the wall thickness identified by schedule number (SCH).

Aluminum Pipe (AL)

  • ASTM B241 / B241M - Standard Specification for Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Seamless Pipe and Seamless Extruded Tube

Carbon Steel Pipe (CS)

  • ASME B36.10M - Welded and Seamless Wrought Steel Pipe
  • ASTM A106 / A106M - Specification for Seamless Carbon Steel Pipe for High-Temperature Service
  • ASTM A733 - Standard Specification for Welded and Seamless Carbon Steel and Austenitic Stainless Steel Pipe Nipples

Cement Lined Pipe

  • ASTM C541 / C541M - Standard Specification for Linings for Asbestos-Cement Pipe

Also known as (MSCL) (Mild Steel Cement Lined). Cement Lined Pipe is used in the transmission of potable water and sewage applications. It is also used when the process fluid may corrode regular carbon steel pipe.

Due to the fragility of the cement lined coating, it is recommended that the pipe is handled as delicately as possible. This includes the use of rubber covered hooks or other equipment that prevents the damage of the lining.

Properties

The Hazen Williams coefficient for new cement lined pipe is typically between 135-150.

Maximum velocity of a fluid of cement lined pipe is 7-9 feet per second.

Mortar Thicknesses often vary per manufacturer. They typically mortar thicknesses available are:

  • 1/4"
  • 5/16"
  • 3/8"
  • 1/2"
  • 5/16"
  • 3/4"
  • 1"
Nominal Pipe Size AWWA C205 Mortar Thickness Maximum Span
In. In. Ft.
2 0.25 21
2¬Ω 0.25 26
3 0.25 26
4 0.25 26
6 0.25 34
8 0.25 39
10 0.25 40
12 0.3125 42
14 0.3125 43
16 0.3125 45
18 0.3125 48
20 0.3125 48
22 0.3125 50
24 0.375 50

Chlorinated Polyvinyl Chloride Pipe (CPVC)

  • ASTM D1784 - Specification for Rigid Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) Compounds and Chlorinated Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (CPVC) Compounds
  • ASTM D1785 - Standard Specification for Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) Plastic Pipe, Schedules 40, 80, and 120
  • CPVC (Chlorinated Polyvinyl Chloride) corrosion resistant pressure pipe, NPS sizes 1/4" through 24", schedules 40, 80 for use at temperatures up to and including 200°F.

Copper Pipe (CU)

  • ASTM B42 - Standard Specification for Seamless Copper Pipe, Standard Sizes
  • ASTM B302 - Standard Specification for Threadless Copper Pipe, Standard Sizes
  • ASTM B698 - Standard Classification for Seamless Copper and Copper Alloy Plumbing Pipe and Tube

Ductile Iron Pipe (DI)

  • ASTM A74 - Standard Specification for Cast Iron Soil Pipe and Fittings
  • ASTM A716 - Standard Specification for Ductile Iron Culvert Pipe
  • ASTM A746 - Standard Specification for Ductile Iron Gravity Sewer Pipe
  • AWWA C115 - Standard for Flanged Ductile Iron Pipe with Ductile-Iron or Gray-Iron Threaded Flanges
  • DIP = Ductile Iron Pipe

Fiberglass Pipe (FBRGL)

  • AWWA C950 - Standard for Fiberglass Pressure Pipe

High-density Polyethylene Pipe (HDPE)

  • ASTM D2513 - Standard Specification for Polyethylene (PE) Gas Pressure Pipe, Tubing, and Fittings
  • ASTM D2683 - Standard Specification for Socket-Type Polyethylene Fittings for Outside Diameter-Controlled Polyethylene Pipe and Tubing
  • ASTM D3261 - Standard Specification for Butt Heat Fusion Polyethylene (PE) Plastic Fittings for Polyethylene (PE) Plastic Pipe and Tubing
  • ASTM D3350 - Standard Specification for Polyethylene Plastics Pipe and Fittings Materials
  • ASTM F714 - Standard Specification for Polyethylene (PE) Plastic Pipe (DR-PR) Based on Outside Diameter
  • ASTM F2206 - Standard Specification for Fabricated Fittings of Butt-Fused Polyethylene (PE)
  • AWWA C906 - Polyethylene (PE) Pressure Pipe and Fittings 4 In. (100 mm) Through 63 In. (1,600 mm) for Water Distribution and Transmission

Polyvinyl Chloride Pipe (PVC)

  • ASTM D1784 - Specification for Rigid Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) Compounds and Chlorinated Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (CPVC) Compounds
  • ASTM D1785 - Standard Specification for Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) Plastic Pipe, Schedules 40, 80, and 120
  • AWWA C900 - Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) Pressure Pipe and Fabricated Fittings, 4 In. Through 12 In. (100 mm Through 300 mm), for Water Transmission and Distribution
  • PVC (Polyvinyl Chloride) corrosion resistant pressure pipe, NPS sizes 1/8" through 24", schedules 40, 80, 120 for use at temperatures up to and including 140°F.

Stainless Steel Pipe (SS)

  • ASME B36.19M - Stainless Steel Pipe
  • ASTM A733 - Standard Specification for Welded and Seamless Carbon Steel and Austenitic Stainless Steel Pipe Nipples
  • ASTM A1053 - Standard Specification for Welded Ferritic-Martensitic Stainless Steel Pipe

Subcategories

This category has the following 10 subcategories, out of 10 total.

C

F

G

I

P

P cont.