- Category: Piping Designer Resources
- Category: Properties
- Article: Flow Coefficient
- Article: Valve Sizing for Liquid
- Article: Formula Nomenclature
Contents
What is Flow Coefficient
Flow coefficient can be described as the volume (in US gallons) of water at 60°F that will flow per minute through a valve with a pressure drop of 1 psi across the valve. This gives us a method to compare flow capabilities of different valves. The flow coefficient allows us to determine what size valve is required for a given application.
Applications
Flow Coefficient is primarily used when sizing control valves. However, it can be used to characterize other types of valves such as ball valves and butterfly valves
Flow Coefficient Formula
Where:
The general definition of the flow coefficient can be expanded into equations modeling the flow of liquids, gases and steam as follows:
= flow coefficient
= specific gravity of fluid (water at 60°F = 1.0000)
= pressure differential, psi
Calculator
Gas Cv Calculator
Liquid Cv Calculator
Saturated Steam Cv Calculator
Superheated Steam Cv Calculator
Notes
At low pressures, like gravity feed, Cv values typically are not accurate. In the extreme, if there is only one psi head pressure at the valve inlet, then theoretically, there will be no flow out of the valve. This is because 1 psi minus a 1 psi pressure drop across the valve equals zero psi or no flow.