# Spring Rate

Written by Jerry Ratzlaff on . Posted in Fastener

Spring rate, abbreviated as $$n_s$$, is not the same as spring load.  The spring rate is based on the spring's working load.  Spring rate is the rate of force or weight required to travel one unit of measurement.  The lower the spring rate, the softer the spring.  The softer the spring, the smother the ride.  Spring load is the amount of weight a spring is designed to carry when compressed to a certain height.

### Spring Compression Rate formula

$$\large{ n_s = \frac{ G \; d^4 }{ 8 \; n_a \; D^3 } }$$

$$\large{ n_s = \frac{ P }{ d_s } }$$

Where:

$$\large{ n_s }$$ = spring rate

$$\large{ P }$$ = load

$$\large{ D }$$ = mean coil diameter

$$\large{ G }$$ = modulus of rigidity of material

$$\large{ n_a }$$ = number of active coils

$$\large{ d_s }$$ = spring displacement

$$\large{ d }$$ = wire diameter

Solve for:

$$\large{ P = n_s \; d_s }$$

Tags: Equations for Spring