# Third Law of Thermodynamics

The third law of thermodynamics, also known as Nernst's theorem or the Nernst heat theorem, is about the ability to create an absolute zero temperature, where the entropy approaches a constant minimum value. It also states that it is not possible for any system to reach absolute zero. More specifically, the third law of thermodynamics states that the entropy of a pure, perfect crystal at absolute zero temperature is exactly equal to zero. In other words, as the temperature approaches absolute zero, the entropy of a perfect crystal approaches zero.

Entropy is a measure of the disorder or randomness in a system, and the third law implies that at absolute zero, a perfect crystal would have no randomness or disorder. While it is practically impossible to reach absolute zero in reality, this law provides a theoretical foundation and boundary condition for studying the behavior of systems at extremely low temperatures. This law has significant implications for fields such as condensed matter physics and the study of phase transitions, where the behavior of materials at very low temperatures is of interest. It also helps in understanding phenomena like superconductivity and superfluidity that occur at extremely low temperatures.

Tags: Temperature Energy Laws of Physics Laws of Thermodynamics