Spring Energy

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spring energy 1Spring energy, abbreviated as \(E_s\), also called spring retained energy, is a measure of the potential energy stored in elastic materials as the result of their stretching or compressing.  Because of the conservation of energy, the potential energy in a spring is equal to the work required to bring it to that state.  Spring energy is based on two variables, the spring constant and the displacement of the spring.  The spring constant is a material property.  The displacement is the distance the spring is compressed or stretched.

spring energy Key Characteristics

  • Elastic Deformation  -  Springs exhibit elastic behavior, which means they can be deformed when forces are applied and will return to their original shape when the forces are removed.  This reversible deformation is characteristic of materials with a linear stress-strain relationship within their elastic limit.
  • Potential Energy  -  When a spring is deformed from its equilibrium position, it stores potential energy.  This potential energy is a form of mechanical energy that is converted from the work done on the spring when it was deformed.
  • Hooke's Law  -  The deformation of a spring is governed by Hooke's law, which states that the force exerted by a spring is directly proportional to the displacement from its equilibrium position.

Spring energy has numerous practical applications

  • Mechanical Systems  -  Springs are used in various mechanical systems for shock absorption, vibration isolation, and storing energy for later use.
  • Mechanical Watches  -  Mechanical watches often use springs to store energy that is released at a controlled rate to power the watch's movement.
  • Vehicles  -  Springs are used in vehicle suspensions to absorb shocks and provide a smoother ride.
  • Engineering and Design  -  Springs are essential components in many devices, such as door closers, mattresses, and various mechanisms.


spring energy formulas

\(\large{ E_s = \frac{1}{2} \; k_s \; d_{s}{^2} }\)

\(\large{ E_s = \frac{ P \; d_s }{ 2 } }\)

\(\large{ E_s = \frac{ k_s \; d_s^2 }{ 2 } }\)

\(\large{ E_s = \frac{ \left( P\;+\; T_i \right) \; d_s }{ 2 } }\)

Symbol English Metric
\(\large{ E_s }\) = spring energy  \(\large{lbf-ft}\)  \(\large{J}\) 
\(\large{ k_s }\) = spring constant \(\large{\frac{lbf}{ft}}\) \(\large{\frac{N}{m}}\)
\(\large{ d_s }\) = spring displacement \(\large{in}\) \(\large{m}\)
\(\large{ P }\) = spring load \(\large{lbf}\) \(\large{kg}\)
\(\large{ T_i }\) = initial spring tension \(\large{lbf}\) \(\large{N}\)


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Tags: Energy Spring