Welding Symbols

on . Posted in Welding Engineering

Welding symbols are graphical representations used in engineering and construction to convey information about the welding process and requirements for joining metal components.  These symbols are standardized and follow guidelines established by organizations like the American Welding Society (AWS) and the International Organization for Standardization (ISO).

Welding symbols are typically included in engineering drawings and blueprints to provide welders, inspectors, and other stakeholders with clear and concise information about the type of weld, its dimensions, location, and other essential details.  These symbols help ensure consistency and accuracy in the welding process.

common elements in a welding symbol

  • Reference Line  -  The reference line is the horizontal line that forms the base of the welding symbol.  It indicates the location where the welding will occur.
  • Arrow  -  The arrow points to the location on the reference line where the weld is to be made.  The tail of the arrow attaches to the reference line, and the head points to the weld location.
  • Welding Process Designator  -  This is a code that represents the specific welding process to be used.
  • Size and Length of Weld  -  The length of the weld is indicated next to the arrow, along with any size specifications.  This might be represented as dimensions, such as the length of the weld or the size of the weld bead.
  • Welding Symbol Tail  -  The tail of the welding symbol provides additional information about the weld.  This can include details about the welding procedure, filler material, and other relevant information.
  • Welding Symbol Arrow Side  -  The arrow side of the symbol indicates where the weld should start.  If the arrow is on the same side as the joint preparation, it means that the weld should be made on that side.  If the arrow is on the opposite side, the weld is to be made on the other side of the joint.
  • Root Opening and Groove Angle  -  These dimensions specify the gap or spacing between the parts being welded and the angle of the groove, if applicable.
  • Finish Symbols  -  Additional symbols might be used to specify the required finish of the weld, such as grinding, chipping, or machining.

Welding symbols play a crucial role in ensuring that welding processes are accurately understood and executed according to design specifications.  They facilitate effective communication between design engineers, welders, and quality control personnel, ultimately leading to properly welded joints that meet the required standards for strength, integrity, and appearance.

Weld Symbols

ws 1Fillet ws 2Square Groove ws 3Plug or Slot ws 4Stud


ws 5Flare Bevel ws 6Flare Groove ws 7Bevel Groove ws 8V Groove


ws 9J Groove ws 10U Groove ws 11Flange Corner ws 12Flange Edge


ws 13Back of Backing ws 14Surfacing ws 15Spot or Projection ws 16Seam


 Fillet Weld Symbols

fws 1Miter Contour Filletfws 2Miter Machining Fillet fws 3Miter Grinding Fillet fws 4Miter Chipping Fillet


fws 5Convex Contour Fillet fws 6Convex Machining Fillet fws 7Convex Grinding Fillet fws 8Convex Chipping Fillet


fws 9Concave Contour Fillet fws 10Concave Machining Fillet fws 11Concave Grinding Fillet fws 12Concave Chipping Fillet

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Tags: Welding