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Engineering is a field that involves the application of scientific, mathematical, and technical knowledge to design, develop, and maintain systems, structures, and processes.  It encompasses a wide range of disciplines, including mechanical, electrical, civil, chemical, aerospace, and many more.  The work of engineers involves a variety of tasks, including research, analysis, design, testing, and maintenance.  They use their expertise to solve complex problems, improve existing products and systems, and develop new technologies and innovations.

Engineers work in many different industries, such as aerospace, automotive, energy, healthcare, construction, and technology.  They may work in a variety of roles, including research and development, design, testing, project management, and operations.  One of the key skills required for engineering is problem solving, as engineers must be able to analyze complex problems and develop creative solutions that are efficient, safe, and sustainable.  They must also have strong technical skills, as well as the ability to work effectively in teams and communicate their ideas and designs to others.

Engineering plays a critical role in modern society, contributing to advances in technology, infrastructure, transportation, healthcare, and many other areas.  As the world continues to face complex challenges related to climate change, energy production, and global health, the work of engineers will be increasingly important in finding solutions and creating a more sustainable and prosperous future.


Major Branches of Engineering


Science Branches

Applied Science
Chemical Engineering

Civil Engineering

Electrical Engineering Mechanical Engineering Management and Systems Engineering
  • Architectural
  • Construction
  • Construction Management
  • Energy Resources
  • Environmental
  • Forensic
  • Geological
  • Geomatics
  • Geophysical
  • Geotechnical
  • Hydrological
  • Mining
  • Process
  • Structural
  • Surveying
  • Transportation
  • Water Resources
  • Mechatronics, Robotics, and Automation
  • Communication
  • Computer
  • Cyber Security
  • Electronics
  • Microelectronics
  • Nanotechnology
  • Software
  • Telecommunications
Chemical Engineering Civil Engineering Electrical Engineering  Mechanical Engineering Management and Systems Engineering 


Engineering GlossaRy


  • Acoustical Engineer  -  The science of sound and vibrations, or anything related to the organs used to preceive sound.
  • Aeronautical Engineer  -  Concerned with design, developement, testing, and production of aircraft, spacecraft, and related systems and equipment.
  • Agricultural Engineer  -  Improves processes associated with managing natural resources and producion by develope methods to conserve soil and water, improve food production, and designing agricultural equipment. 
  • Architectural Engineer  -  Works in the design of one or more of the building systems such as structural, acoustical systems, HVAC systems, electrical, lighting, and plumbing,
  • Automation Engineer  -  Design, develope, and test automated machines and processes.
  • Automotive Engineer  -  Involves a combination of different engineering fields, which are applied in the design, developement and production of automotive vehicles like buses, cars, mopeds, motorbikes, and vans.


  • Biochemical Engineer  -  Work with cells, enzymes, and antibodies to collect data, explore medical possibilities, and solve biological issues.
  • Bioengineering Engineer  -  Solves problems in biology, medicine, health care and other fields.
  • Biological Engineer  -  Studies the environment to improve the way we conserve soil, water and natural resources.
  • Biomechanical Engineer  -  Designs new medical devices such as artificial organs and diagnostic equipment.  They may also wotk in clinics, hospitals, oand doctors offices instslling and maintaining medical equipment.
  • Biomedical Engineer  -  Is the developement of devices, and procedures that solve medical and health-related problems by combining a knowledge of biology and medicine with engineering principles and practices.
  • Biotechnology  -  Involves the design, developement, and application of innovative technologies, products and/or environmentally sustainable systems through the efficient use of biological resources.


  • Ceramic Engineer  - Deals with the design, manufacturing, properties, and use of ceramic related things.
  • Chemical Engineer  -  They invent, develope, design, operate, and manage processes that meet society's needs
  • Civil Engineer  -  Oversee large construction projects, including designing, constructing, supervising, and maintaining road systems and the accompanying infrastructure, buildings, airports, and systems of water treatment, hydroelectricity, etc.
  • Coastal Engineer  -  Also called Marine engineer.  TIs the study of the processes ongoing at the shoreline and construction within the coastal zone.
  • Communication Engineer  -  They are responsible for the planning, analysis and design, implementation, operation, testing, maintenance and management of communication systems and distributed information systems.
  • Construction Engineer  -  Focuses on the design and construction processes required to produce facilities and systems that are essential to modern life and infrastucture.
  • Corrosion Engineer  -  Responsible for analyzing engineered materials and coming up with the strategies for slowing or haulting the effects of corrosion.
  • Cyber Security Engineer  -  Responsible for testing and screening security software and for monitoring networks and systems for security breaches or intrusions.


  • Data Analytics Engineer  -  Responsible for finding trends in data sets and developing algorithns to help make raw data more useful to the end-user.


  • Electrical Engineer  -  Involved in designing, developing, and supervising the manufacture of electrical equipment, such as electric motors, radar and navigation systems, power generation equipment or communication systems.
  • Environmental Engineer  -  Works to improve water and air pollution, public health, and water disposal by using principles of engineering chemistry, biology, and soil science to develope solutions to environmental problems such as unsafe drinking water or climate change.


  • Fire Protection Engineer  -  Responsible for designing and implementing solutions to lower fire risks to buildings and properties.
  • Forensic Engineer  -  They investigate the materials, products, structures or components that fail or do not operate or function as intended, causing personal injury or damage to property.
  • Forest Engineer  -  Is the management of forest lands including roads, planning forest harvesting, land environmental requirements, soils, watersheads, protection of wildlife and fish habitats.


  • Geophysical Engineer  -  The study and exploration of the earth's interior through physical measurements collected at the earth's surface, in boreholes, and from aircraft and satellites.
  • Geotechnical Engineer -  The disciplines of rock and soil mechanics to investigate subsurface and geologic conditions.  These investigations are used to design, and build foundations, earth structures, and pavement sub-grades.


  • Hydrological Engineer  -  Also called Water Resources engineer or Hydrologist.  It is concerned with the flow, treatment, and storage of water.


  • Industrial Engineer  -  Work in planning, designing, implementing and controlling the system that enable people to use technology to find ways to eliminate wastefulness in production processes.




  • Logistics Engineer  -  Develope solutions to improve the efficiency of product acquisition, distribution, storage, transportation, and warehousing.


  • Maintenance Engineer  -  Oversees the installation, maintenance, and repair of heavy machinery, plant equipment, tools, and systems used in manufacturing.
  • Manufacturing Engineer  -  This disciplines focuses on the design, integration, or improvment of manufacturing systems or related processes.
  • Marine Engineer  -  Also called Coastal engineer.  Designs, develops, and is responsible for the installation of ship machinery and related equipment.
  • Materials Science Engineer  -  Societies want new and improved materials with more capabilities.  These engineers have studied the properties and behavior of materials to create new ceramics, metals, and polymers.
  • Mechanical Engineer  -  This is the most diverse of the engineering disciplines and can cross over into aerospace, automotive, construction, electronics, petroleumand manufacturing.  These engineers design, develope, install, test, and maintain equipment or systems.
  • Mechatronics, Robotics, and Automation Engineer  -  This is a combination of computer, electrical, and mechanical engineering. 
  • Metallurgical Engineer  -  Deals with extracting and processing of metals.  They examine the performance of metals, and determine which ones can be put to uses to produce useful product.  
  • Mining Engineer  -  Find, develope, and recover the resources needed to support the needs of society from the minerals used for buildings, computers, roads, and other daily used items.


  • Nuclear Engineer  -  Involved in the research and developement of the instruments, processes, and systems used in order to gain the benifits of radiation and nuclear energy.



  • Petrochemical Engineer  -  Deals with the chemical processes involved in turning the raw materials of crude oil and petroleum into useful products such as clothes, fertilizers, food, and plastics.
  • Petroleum Engineer  -  Designs, developes, and improves ways to get gas and oil deposits from below the ground's surface.
  • Pharmaceutical Engineer  -  These professionals change raw materials into usefull products by using chemical and physical properties.
  • Photonics Engineer  -  They research, design, and develope a wide range of technologies which utilize light energy.
  • Plastics Engineer  -  Has knowledge of different types of plastic materials and their common uses.  They design, process, and manufacture plastics that can withstand temperature and weather changes, resist corrosion, and exhibit electrical properties.
  • Plumbing Engineer  -  Works on project designs, including analyzing the building, performing design calculations, and choosing the appropriate plumbing system, equipment and installation.
  • Polymer Engineer  -  An engineer with understanding in both the properties and processing methods of polymer materials such as molding materials, plastics, rubbers, synthetic fibers, and more.
  • Process Engineer  -  They are employed in many different industries such as agriculture, chemistry, geology, forestry, and nuclear.  Their job is to work with scientists in research and developement, improve products and the product process.



  • Reservoir Engineer  -  Focuses on optimizing the fluid flow of petroleum oil and gas reserves using special tools and equipment, continuously monitoring the reserve during the drilling proess, and analyzing the flow of each reserve to ensure efficiency.


  • Structural Engineer  -  They ensure that specific components such as beams, columns, and foundations are structurally sound, where civil engineers do the designing.                                 
  • Surveying Engineer  -  Their work involves legal boundaries, record results, elevation and GPS, drainage systems, subdivision planning and layout, and topographical mapping.
  • Systems Engineer  -  Identifies a problem and developes a solution that is constantly reevaluated throught its execution.  Lays the foundation for effective planning and production, improve system reliavility, planning and executing, system maintainability and availability.


  • Telecommunications Engineer  -  Provides a range of engineering solutions for satellite transmission, fiber-optics, analog and digital communications, network management, data analysis, circuits, programming language, technical wiring, and computer networks.
  • Transportation Engineer  -  Applies engineering design, principles, and maintenance to roads, railways, waterways and more.  This can include automotive technology, construction methods, ecconomics of design, land developement, mass transit systems, planning, probability, safety analysis, traffic flow.




  • Water Resources Engineer  -  Also called a Hydrological engineer.  They are involved in analysis, coastal protection, flood control, river management, soil physics, urban drainage, water cycle management, wastewater treatment, water flow, and water storage.
  • Welding Engineer  -  These engineers have knowledge more than just welding, they also have a background in math, science, general engineering, materials, thermodynamics, welding design, and welding processes.




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