Gay-Lussac's Law

on . Posted in Thermodynamics

gay lussacs lawGay-Lussac's law, also known as the pressure-temperature law or Amontons' law, states that the pressure of a gas is directly proportional to its temperature, when the volume and the amount of gas remain constant.  This law describes the relationship between pressure and temperature for a given amount of gas.

According to Gay-Lussac's law, if the temperature of a gas increases while the volume and the amount of gas remain constant, the pressure of the gas also increases.  Similarly, if the temperature decreases, the pressure decreases proportionally.  This direct relationship between pressure and temperature holds as long as other variables, such as volume and the amount of gas, remain constant.

Gay-Lussac's law provides an insights into the behavior of gases and finds applications in various fields, such as gas thermodynamics, industrial processes, and engineering.  Additionally, Gay-Lussac's law is a key component of the combined gas law, which combines Gay-Lussac's law with Boyle's law and Charles' law to describe the relationship between pressure, volume, and temperature in a gas.

 

Gay-Lussac's Law formula

\(\large{ \frac{ p_1}{T_1} = \frac{ p_2}{T_2} }\)     (Gay-Lussac's Law)

\(\large{  p_1 = \frac{ T_1 \; p_2}{T_2} }\)

\(\large{  T_1 = \frac{ p_1 \; T_2}{p_2} }\)

\(\large{  p_2 = \frac{ p_1 \; T_2}{T_1} }\)

\(\large{  T_2 = \frac{ T_1 \; p_2}{p_1} }\)

Symbol English Metric
\(\large{ p_1 }\) = pressure (use Kelvin) \(\large{\frac{lbf}{in^2}}\)  \(\large{Pa}\) 
\(\large{ T_1 }\) = absolute temperature (required for Gay-Lussac's Law) \(\large{ F }\) \(\large{ K  }\)
\(\large{ p_2 }\) = pressure (use Kelvin) \(\large{\frac{lbf}{in^2}}\) \(\large{Pa}\)
\(\large{ T_2 }\) = absolute temperature (required for Gay-Lussac's Law) \(\large{ F }\) \(\large{ K  }\)

 

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Tags: Gas Gas Laws Laws of Physics