When you look around, everything you see or may not see in the universe is made up of matter. Matter refers to anything that has mass and takes up space. This includes all physical substances and objects that we can see, touch, and interact with.
Matter can exist in different states or phases, such as solid, liquid, gas, or plasma, depending on the temperature and pressure conditions. Matter is composed of atoms, which are the basic building blocks of all matter. Atoms are made up of protons, neutrons, and electrons, which are subatomic particles with different properties and charges. The properties of matter, such as its density, melting point, and chemical reactivity, depend on the arrangement and behavior of these subatomic particles.
Almost all matter is composed of an electric charge. All electric charges are either positive or negative. Like charges repel each other, unlike charges attract each other. Matter that has no overall charge is called neutral.
Matter is essential to our everyday lives and to many scientific disciplines, such as chemistry, physics, and materials science. Understanding the properties and behavior of matter is important for developing new technologies, improving materials and products, and addressing environmental and health issues.
- Gas - Able to be compressed to fit a confined space and expanded when released.
- Liquid - A specific volume and can hold any shape it is contained within.
- Plasma - It is everywhere in the universe and the most common of all matter. Of all types of matter it is closest to a gas.
- Solid - Has particles that are compressed together in an orderly pattern.
Matter transition phases
|gas to liquid||condensation|
|gas to solid||deposition|
|liquid to solid||freezing|
|gas to plasma||ionization|
|solid to liquid||melting|
|plasma to gas||recombination|
|solid to gas||sublimation|
|liquid to gas||vaporization|
Enthalpy of system
The chart to the right shows the transitional phase change between gas, liquid, an solid. Gas having the highest enthalpy, liquid having intermediate enthalpy, and liquid having the lowest enthalpy.
Phase to phase transition
This diagram shows the arrangement of the physical properties between solids, liquids, and gas.
|Intermolecule force strength||Weak||Moderate||Strong|
|Particle Movement||Free movement||Free movement||No free movement|
Tags: Gas Equations Liquid Equations Matter Types Properties of